Spinal cord is a tubular bundle of nerves which carries signals to and from the brain to rest of the body parts. Any traumatic injury to the spinal cord may result in contusion, partial tears or transection. The collection of nerves in spinal cord allows brain to direct movement of various body parts such as arms and legs. Spinal cord is a very delicate part of the body sensitive to injuries. A spinal cord can be damaged either due to trauma, compression from tumor and infections or due to its loss of blood supply. Spinal cord trauma, in general, is a damage caused to the spinal cord, that results either from the direct injury to spinal cord or indirectly due to the disease pertaining in bones or tissues such as rheumatoid arthritis or osteoporosis. The traumatic incidents such as falls, accidents, sports injuries, industrial accidents, assaults are majorly responsible for spinal cord trauma. Chronic spinal cord injury is a serious trauma condition that deters various body functions such as coordination and sensation, and diminishes body strength. The most common types of spinal cord traumas are incomplete and complete spinal cord injuries. In incomplete injuries, some of the body functions are retained as the spinal cord is partially injured. However, in complete spinal cord injury all the body functions are eliminated completely and spinal cord is fully injured. Some of the symptoms to identify spinal cord trauma includes numbness, pain, paralysis, muscles and nerve weakness, bladder spasms, loss of bowel and bladder control, and increased muscle tones. Once a spinal cord trauma is suspected, patient undergoes from primary emergency care that verify whether the patient is able to breathe properly. It is then followed by immobilization of patient to prevent further spine damage due to movement of spinal cord. After providing the primary care, patient is treated with the help of drugs commonly corticosteroids and analgesics. In case of fractures, surgery is carried out for the removal of bone fragments, herniated disks or fractured vertebrae to prevent compression of spine. Further rehabilitation programs are carried out to heal patient in the early stages of recovery.
In order to treat a spinal cord trauma, a doctor or surgeon uses various treatment approaches that include: pharmacological treatment using corticosteroid drugs, analgesic drugs, pain relieving drugs; immobilization of patients and surgery. Surgery is most commonly preferred over pharmacological treatments due to its effective results and more promising survival rates.
Rising incidence for spinal cord injuries is anticipated to be the primary factor driving the spinal cord trauma treatment market. Growing spinal cord injuries in elders due to rise in falls, changing lifestyle, rising incidence of diseases such as osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis, increasing ind ustrial and vehicle accidents among adults are some other factors fueling the spinal cord trauma treatment market. Additionally, advancements in surgical techniques and inclination towards stem cell therapy is further anticipated to grow the market over the forecast period. However, high costs associated with stem cell therapy and surgery is restraining the market growth.
On the basis of type of treatment, physiotherapies are extensively used over other treatment types on the account of being non-invasive therapy. Also, rising incidence of osteoporosis in geriatric population and growing accidents is anticipated to propel the spinal cord trauma treatment market over the forecast period.
Based on geography, global spinal cord trauma treatment market is segmented into five key regions viz. North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Middle East & Africa. North America accounted for the largest shares in global spinal cord trauma treatment market and is expected to dominate over the forecast period due to the rising osteoporosis incidence in U.S. However, Asia Pacific is expected to record a fast growth during forecast period in global spinal cord trauma treatment market.
Some of the key players present in global spinal cord trauma treatment market are Acorda Therapeutics, Reeve-Irvine Research Center, InVivo Therapeutics, MacIsaac & Company, BioAxone Biosciences Inc., Axerion Therapeutics and others.
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