Automotive gaskets are mechanical seals used to fill the gap between two components to stop any leakage that may occur during the compression stage. Automotive gaskets are manufactured with a diverse set of materials such as plastic polymer, gasket paper, rubber, silicone, fibreglass, cork, felt and metal. Automotive gaskets are built to bear both high and low compressive loads. Automotive gaskets are available in a number of different shapes, specifications and modifications. The most typically used gaskets are solid material, sheet, double jacketed or spiral wound gaskets. Stationary sprung elements used to tightly hold various automobile components are known as automotive seals. Auto seals are usually made of either stainless steel or rubber. The most commonly used automotive seals today are auxiliary and camshaft shaft seals, transaxle seals, water pump seals, oil seals, axle grease and wheel bearing seals.
The types of automotive gaskets and seals available in the gaskets and seals market are –
- Differential seals – Differential seals and gaskets are specially made to prevent grime and dirt from entering the axle tube and damaging vital automobile transmission components. Different seals and gaskets are quite flexible and are affixed on the transmission axle. The gaskets and seals keep the gear oil in place and get rid of the impurities. Axle seal can be considered the most important differential gasket and seal.
- Cooling system gasket – Automotive cooling system gaskets are effective at fixing or sealing the pipe joints and matched components to ensure that there is no liquid or gas leak. Automobile cooling system gaskets are produced with the help of soft sheet metals. Other materials that are useful in making gaskets are stainless steel, silicon, bullet steel, neoprene, copper, fibre-based composites, nitriles and polymeric resins. Automotive gaskets are deployed in automobiles and they function as powerful barriers between the engine cylinder block and head of any vehicle.
- Engine seals – Engine seals are essential in making sure that there is no leakage of fluids, coolant, oil and air from either external or internal passages of the internal combustion engine. The cylinders are tightly sealed to allow maximum compression within the engine cylinder. The most vital automobile gasket and seal is the head gasket that absorbs all the vehicle engine heat and compression.
- Fuel supply gasket – Fuel supply gaskets are primarily meant to obstruct fluid leakage to maintain the required pressure inside an engine. Fuel supply gaskets function as an effective seal between two static surfaces. These gaskets comprise a flexible material that is placed between the fuel pump mounting surface and the fuel pump spacer block to control oil leakage.
- Transmission seals – Transmission seals are typically in the form of a sheet or ring that is used to make a pressure-resistant connection between the transmission components of an automobile. Transmission seals can either be internal or external seals. Internal transmission seals are installed to prevent any leakage in clutch packs, accumulators, and servos, while external transmission seals stop fluid leakage outside the transaxle case.