Dental porcelain, commonly known as dental ceramic, is an esthetic material with the primary purpose of producing dental prosthesis which are used to restore damaged or missing dental structures. The first application of dental ceramics was almost 225 years ago as porcelain dentures and few of the other applications of dental ceramics include crowns, fillings, bridges, veneers, orthodontic brackets, and implants. Metal alloys which have high resistance to corrosion are used in dentistry. Gold, silver, platinum, zirconium, titanium, nickel, and copper are commonly used metal alloys in restoration procedures, out of which, zirconium is highly recommended.
The inability to withstand the functional forces of an oral cavity is one of the major disadvantages of dental ceramics due to which their applications are restricted in molar and premolar areas. Dental ceramics lack the toughness of other dental materials such as metals. On the other hand, metal ceramics have both the metallic toughness and ceramics esthetic properties. However, metals may sometimes lead to gum staining and allergies and hence extensive research is carried out in metal-free ceramics product segment to overcome these problems.
Factors such as extensive research of advanced dental technologies, rising demand for cosmetic surgeries, increasing awareness about the benefits of dental implants, rising number of periodontal disorders, and shifting trend to minimally invasive surgical procedures are projected to drive the growth of the dental porcelain market in the near future. However, limited reimbursement schemes and costly procedures are anticipated to restraint the market growth during the forecast period.
On the basis of clinical application, the dental porcelain market is segmented into core porcelain, dentine or body porcelain, and enamel porcelain. The core porcelain is used to form a basal layer of jacket crown. The dentine or body porcelain is used to build the body of a dental crown. The enamel porcelain is used in forming incisal edges. Based on the material used, the market is segmented into porcelain-metal crown and all-porcelain (non-metal) crown. The all-porcelain crown segment is further segmented into powder-slurry ceramics, castable ceramics, machinable ceramics, pressable ceramics, and infiltrated glass ceramics.
Geographically, the global dental porcelain market is distributed over North America, Asia Pacific, Europe, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. Europe accounts for a considerable market share followed by North America. The high market share of Europe is due to factors such as increased awareness about dental implants and better reimbursement schemes in many of the countries in the region. About 30 million dental crowns are manufactured in the U.S. every year, of which majority are porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crowns, thus the porcelain-metal segment accounts for a major market share in U.S. Asia Pacific is seen to be rapidly growing market, China being one of the major contributor for the growth owing to its increasing manufacturing capabilities.
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Key players operating in the dental porcelain market are DENTSPLY, 3M Company, AVINENT Implant System, CAMLOG Biotechnologies AG, Bicon, LLC, and Danaher Corporation.