An automotive cylinder head is a solid metal piece that is sealed in place with the head gasket and helps to cap and seal the end of the cylinder bore. The internal combustion engine is a crucial component in any kind of automobile and this IC engine can be divided into two parts, namely: the cylinder block and the cylinder head. The automotive cylinder head, commonly known as the head, is the end cover of the IC engine and is used against the piston, which compresses the contents of the cylinder. .The cylinder head is installed or fitted above the cylinder block and this entire installation forms the internal combustion chamber, the joint of which is sealed by the head gasket. These cylinder heads are the key to controlling fuel deployment and the air flow in and out of the cylinders. Further, cylinder heads also hold valves and injectors and consists of more moving parts compared to any other part of the engine. The inside of the cylinder head is made of a number of passages, known as tracks or ports and the air mix passes along these to the inlet valves. There are other ports inside the automotive cylinder head which function as routes through which exhaust gases pass when leaving the engine block.
Automotive cylinder heads are required to be robust, as they need to withstand very high temperatures and huge pressures, while retaining their form and shape to seal the cylinder block through the head gasket. The global automotive cylinder heads market is primarily driven by the organic growth of vehicle production globally owing to rapid urbanization and growing disposable income in the developing nations, Further, rising demand for lightweight and complex cylinder heads to reduce the vehicle weight and enhance engine performance for meeting stringent government regulations such as the CAFÉ Standards is expected to boost the global market growth during the forecast period.
The global automotive cylinder heads market can be segmented on the basis of types into flathead cylinder head, overhead valve head and overhead cam head. Flathead cylinder heads are generally found in older engine. Overhead valve head type of cylinder heads has been in extensive use from 1950s till now. This type of cylinder heads has the valves located within them instead of the flathead ones, where the valves are located in the block. The global market is also segmented based on material into cast iron, aluminum, and titanium. The design and the material used in the construction of automotive cylinder heads is a major factor of consideration as they help in building torque and horsepower.
Cast iron is used widely for the production of cylinder heads by manufacturers, OEMs and Tier-1 suppliers, as it offers lower cost of production and high durability. However, major automakers such as Ford are shifting towards aluminum for manufacturing cylinder heads, owing to their lightweight and ability to develop complex parts. The market can be classified on the basis of vehicle type into passenger vehicles, light commercial vehicles and heavy commercial vehicles. The global automotive cylinder heads market can be further classified geographically into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, South America and Middle East and Africa. Asia Pacific is expected to witness the fastest growth rate during the forecast period, driven by the rapidly increasing automobile export rate from this region, growing demand for mid-segment vehicles and increasing automotive production in countries such as China, Japan and India.
Some of the major players in the global automotive cylinder heads market include ThyssenKrupp AG, Nemak, Linamar Corporation, Sandvik Coromant, All Head Services, Elringklinger AG, Parker Hannifin Corporation, Brodix and Federal-Mogul Corporation among others.
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