Smoke detector is a device that can senses smoke, providing an indication of possible fire, thus providing security to the commercial and residential people. In case of commercial and residential security, smoke detector issue a signal to a fire alarm control panel, whereas household smoke detector popularly known as smoke alarm, provide audible or visual alarm from the detecting object itself. Smoke detector basically consists of two major parts, sensor (which senses any smoke within the primacies) and loud electric horn (creating loud sound within the primacies making the individuals with the primacies about certain fire). Amount of current required to run single smoke detector is 9-volt battery or 120-volt house current. Also, smoke detectors are enclosed in a disk-shaped plastic enclosure of about 150 millimeters in diameter and 25 millimeters in thickness.
On the bases of working style global smoke detector market can be bifurcated into photoelectric detectors (have photocell within it, when light fails to reach the photocell due to smoke the attached alarm sets off providing signal of certain fire.) and ionization detectors (have two opposite charge plates, when smoke enters the chamber it neutralizes the ion particles dropping the current between the plates which triggers the alarm). Commercial, industrial, and residential buildings are the major end-users of smoke detector system which is powered by the building power with external attachment with the battery for power backup.
North America has largest market share for smoke detector system, followed by Asia Pacific and Europe. Asia Pacific region is expected to overtake North American smoke detector market in the forecasted period. Developing market of Asia Pacific and Europe are expected to boost the global smoke detector market. China and Indian market are expected to witness highest growth in coning future.
Increase in injuries and deaths due to fire in the commercial and residential building is driving the global smoke detector market. Additionally, increasing urban population demands private and government sectors across the globe to invest in better infrastructure facilities. Construction of residential and commercial buildings, healthcare centers and educational institutes leads to the demand for adequate security from fire, increasing overall demand for smoke detector system. For infrastructure development, the U.K government’s public sector investment is expected to rise by USD 4.9 billion to about USD 77.7 billion in 2013-14 over 2012-13. It is further expected to increase to about USD 83.0 billion in 2014-15. With the increase in infrastructure investment, demand for smoke detector is expected to increase.
Future growth prospect in the smoke detector market many multination companies have started investing in the developing markets. Some of the major companies operating in the global smoke detector market are NEC Corporation, Honeywell, Siemens, Hochiki America, Tyco, UTC, Johnson Controls and Hitachi.
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